When we previously visited Oban in the autumn on our Scottish Highlands road trip, a nice chap called Donald who works at the ferry terminal persuaded us to return in the summer to visit the Treshnish Isles to see the large puffin colony and Fingal’s Cave, so we did just that as the opportunity to especially see puffins close-up was too irresistible!
The Treshnish Isles
Part of the Inner Hebrides, the Treshnish Isles is an archipelago of small uninhabited islands that are rich with wildlife communities. They were designated a site of Special Scientific Interest in 1973 because of their unique geomorphology (scientific study of landforms) and have a special protection for the Conservation of Wild Birds. Once ruled by the Vikings, the islands have many ancient remains of forts and the Viking heritage is still reflected in the names of the islands. We took a day trip to Lunga, the largest island to see the puffins and also to the Isle of Staffa to see the legendary Fingal’s Cave.
Isle of Staffa
Our day trip started with a ferry from Oban to Craignure on the Isle of Mull which takes about an hour. Once disembarked we were collected by our tour company and transferred by minibus to the small town of Ulva, where we caught our sightseeing boat from. From Ulva it takes another hour to reach Staffa.
Staffa is one of the natural wonders of the world, it means ‘Pillar island’ in Old Norse. Staffa looks incredible, gigantic hexagonal basalt pillars cover the sides of island, it’s a unique natural phenomenon and very similar in appearance to the Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland. Legend has it the Irish giant, Fionn MacCumhaill (Fingal) built the causeway so he could walk from Ireland to Scotland and fight his Scottish counterpart Benandonner.
As we stepped onto the hexagonal rocks we were struck by how wild and remote this place is, the beauty is in the patterns everywhere you turn. The whole place looks bizarre, the columns look like giant pencils soaring out of the sea, it reminded us of the basalt columns we saw on Reynisfjara beach in South Iceland.
Staffa is made entirely of volcanic rock created as part of a volcanic eruption 59 million years ago! (I know, mind blowing!) As the molten lava cooled, contracted and solidified it created equally spaced hexagonal columns.
This unspoilt and uninhabited island is best known for Fingal’s Cave, it’s a spectacular site – a natural cathedral-like grotto. The ceiling inside really is as tall as a cathedral and the acoustics sound eerie. Sadly due to storm damage we couldn’t go all the way in but we were able to take a good peek inside from the entrance of the cave, make sure you watch your step and have suitable footwear as it’s very wet and slippery.
The romantic German composer Felix Mendelssohn was inspired by the echoes of the sound of the waves crashing inside the cave, he wrote “The Hebrides Overture” in 1830. Fingal’s Cave then became a tourist attraction and Jules Verne also mentions it in his book ‘Journey to the Centre of the Earth’. Our skipper played an extract of the music as the boat first approached the island to take a look at the cave, magic!
Leaving Staffa we looked back at this remarkable island and were suddenly accompanied by a pod of dolphins catching the swell from boat, a real wow moment!
Isle Of Lunga – Puffin Island
The next part of our tour was our highlight – to the Isle of Lunga, the largest of the Treshnish Isles. The summer months are the best time to visit Lunga to see the large puffin colony where thousands of puffins flock here to breed. There’s also guillemots, razorbills, fulmars, shags, kittiwakes and more – a huge variety of seabird colonies estimated to be around 6,000 birds.
On the approach to Lunga the sky was full of puffins flying around criss-crossing each other as they carry mouthfuls of eels back to their babies in the cliffside underground burrows. Nicknamed ‘sea parrots’ they can fly thousands of miles in migration and dive down to 60 metres and can live up to 60 years old. By August after their babies have fled their nest the puffin colony will fly off for winter.
After disembarking we walked from the shore to the top of the island, where suddenly we catch sight of orange beaks, it’s them! close-up, literally hundreds of puffins, we weren’t expecting to see so many. They are said to be amongst the tamest of seabirds, which means if you are quiet and respect them you can get within a couple of metres. We first thought about strategies – what’s the best vantage point? how do we approach them? and how close can we get? We soon realised the best way is to find a spot near the cliff edge, crawl on your hands and knees to get close and just wait. Take extra care not to disturb their burrows which are hidden in the grass.
We loved watching them and taking photos as they posed for us, they do look somewhat comical and are proper show-offs as you watch them frolic around. It was a real privilege to see them up so close.
The tour company also run trips called ‘puffin therapy’ where psychologists take clients to Lunga to spend time in the wild with the puffins and relax and reconnect with nature. It’s true they had a very calming and therapeutic effect on us.
On the way back to Isle of Mull we past some salmon fish farms and more wildlife – this time grey seals and their pups, especially common in June when we went. We loved this trip it’s perfect for wildlife, nature lovers and photographers. In fact there were many professional photographers in our group with a variety of massive lenses.
Phil and Garth’s Top 5 Isle of Staffa & Lunga Tips
- Tip #1: Do not attempt to feed seabirds as it’s a criminal offence.
- Tip #2: Take your binoculars or a long lens for your camera if you have one.
- Tip #3: You will need hiking boots as the terrain is rocky, uneven and slippery.
- Tip #4: You can only visit Staffa between May-September, it’s too stormy and dangerous at other times.
- Tip #5: Beginning of May – late July is the main breeding season to see Puffins
How we did it:
We paid for the tour operated by Turus Mara however instead of booking directly, we booked their tour and ferry to Isle of Mull from Oban with Caledonian MacBrayne. Worth noting sea conditions and weather can change suddenly so the tour can be cancelled – however you should be able to take it the next day.